“If a Guardian Refuses Amalgam…We Will Not See the Patient”

Via Charlie Brown of Consumers for Dental Choice



Pennsylvania Dental Association: Deny All Dental Treatment to Children with Disabilities Unless Parents Consent to Mercury Exposure


In an act of moral depravity, the Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) and the Philadelphia County Dental Society (PCDS) have endorsed strong-arming parents of children with disabilities to force their written consent to mercury fillings. These dental societies issued a statement to the Philadelphia Board of Health dated February 11, giving their stamp of approval to dentists who deny all treatment to disabled children – no tooth cleanings, no preventive care, nothing – unless the parents “consent” to exposing their children to mercury. In the words of the PDA/PCDS representative before the Board of Health, “If a guardian refuses amalgam…we will not see the patient.”

Acknowledging that not having routine dental care is detrimental to health, the PDA/PCDS witness cruelly added that people with disabilities in Philadelphia have no feasible alternative to his amalgam-happy practice: Finding another dental facility equipped to treat people with disabilities would be “a challenge,” he sneered. So the PDA and the PCDS are forcing parents of children with disabilities – even children who already have neurological disorders – to choose: either “consent” to the implantation of a neurotoxin an inch from your child’s brain or no dentist will even clean your child’s teeth.

The PDA and the PCDS know very well that dentists have been successfully placing amalgam in children with disabilities – even under sedation – for years. Both Dr. Chester L. Yokoyama, former Member of the Dental Board of California, and Dr. Blanche Grube, vice president of the International Academy of Biological Dentistry and Medicine, have advised that resin definitely can be used on sedated children. Hence, if these PDA/PCDS dentists can’t implant any filling but this primitive pre-Civil War device, it’s time for them to go get training! And even if PDA/PCDS dentists are too untrained to place non-mercury fillings, what’s their excuse for denying children with disabilities the basic dental cleanings that would prevent cavities in the first place?

Since the PDA and the PCDS claim to support able-bodied persons’ right to choose non-mercury filling materials while announcing support for forcing the disabled to get mercury fillings, we have asked the Attorney General of Pennsylvania to conduct a civil rights investigation, reprinted below. Plain and simple, the sixth-largest chapter of the American Dental Association apparently endorses discrimination against the disabled. (Similar conduct by a North Carolina clinic has already been brought to our attention.)

My friends, now I need your help:

  1. Pennsylvanians: If you live or work in the Keystone state, or have family ties there, or your organization has a presence there, please write or email PA Attorney General Thomas Corbett:

    Email: civilrights@attorneygeneral.gov

    Mailing Address: 16th Floor, Strawberry Square, Harrisburg, PA 17120

    Fax: 717-787-8242

    Ask the Attorney General to conduct a civil rights investigation into this despicable policy of the Pennsylvania Dental Association and the Philadelphia County Dental Society. Explain to him that every parent needs the right to choose non-mercury dental fillings because mercury is a neurological risk, especially for children who already have neurological problems. If you are a person with a disability or the parent of a child with a disability, explain why it is important for you to have the right to make your own health care decisions and particularly why it is important to be able to choose non-mercury dental fillings. If you share my outrage that these dental trade groups would strong-arm parents into submitting to mercury by threatening not to provide any dental care at all, tell him.

  2. Dentists and other dental professionals: Please write PA Attorney General Thomas Corbett (contact info above). Explain that sedated children and children with disabilities can and do get composites. Tell him that the PDA/PCDS policy’s goal is quick & easy profits for dentists, because amalgam is a “drill, fill, and bill” material.

Charlie Brown
24 February 2010


Charles G. Brown, National Counsel
Consumers for Dental Choice
316 F St., N.E., Suite 210
Washington, DC 20002
Ph. 202.544-6333; fax 202.544-6331
Working for Mercury-Free Dentistry


Here’s our request for a civil rights investigation:


Discrimination: PDA and PDCS endorse the denial of all dental treatment to children with disabilities if parents exercise their right to refuse mercury fillings, whereas these trade associations permit able-bodied patients to choose non-mercury filling materials


The Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) and Philadelphia County Dental Society (PCDS) have endorsed a campaign to force persons with disabilities to submit to mercury amalgam instead of offering them a choice of filling materials – a choice both trade associations openly permit for able-bodied persons.

I. PDA and PCDS promote able-bodied people’s right to make their own health decisions

Everyone is in seeming agreement that individuals have a right to make their own decisions about their bodies, especially decisions affecting their health. In dentistry, this means the right of patients to choose which filling material is implanted into their bodies. PDA and PCDS agree, overtly advocating the patient’s right to choose on their websites: “Many factors may affect your choice of filling material” and “This fact sheet outlines the alternatives available and will help you decide on the right choice for you.” The PCDS even boasted that it “worked hard” to ensure that patients would be presented with all their filling material options.

Increasingly, consumers are exercising their right to refuse dental amalgam, a primitive pre-Civil War filling material containing 50% mercury – a known neurotoxin. In addition to numerous studies indicating that amalgam can cause a wide range of health problems, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has recently issued warnings making clear that amalgam is a neurological risk at least for children and unborn children:

Dental amalgam also releases low levels of mercury vapor….The developing neurological systems in fetuses and young children may be more sensitive to the neurotoxic effects of mercury vapor. Very limited to no clinical information is available regarding long-term health outcomes in pregnant women and their developing fetuses, and children under the age of six, including infants who are breastfed.

Although FDA concealed this warning from consumers in a special controls document labeled in bold “Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff,” the City of Philadelphia prudently decided to inform the public about amalgam with a required information sheet describing these neurological risks and the inconclusiveness of scientific evidence.

Armed with this knowledge, consumers are deciding that they do not want mercury in their bodies or the developing brains of their children. As evidenced by their statements, the PDA and PCDS are respecting the decisions of able-bodied consumers.

II. PDA and PCDS deny people with disabilities their right to make their own health decisions

While able-bodied people are permitted to choose the material being implanted into their bodies, PDA and PCDS advocate a very different standard for people with disabilities. In their joint written testimony, submitted to the Philadelphia Board of Health on 11 February 2010 and presented at the board’s meeting on 18 February 2010, PDA and PCDS endorse the policy of Special Smiles LTD, a North Philadelphia clinic that denies all dental treatment to children with disabilities unless their parents sign a statement consenting to the implantation of mercury amalgam in their children.

This policy abolishes the rights of these parents who do not want a known neurotoxin implanted so near the brains of their children, many of whom already have some form of neurological impairment. They are faced not with the choice presented to able-bodied patients – who are free to reject amalgam and still receive preventative treatments and alternative filling materials – but with a cruel Hobson’s choice: either the dentist will insist on subjecting your child to mercury’s risks or he will refuse to so much as clean your child’s teeth.

With “so few facilities” equipped to treat people with disabilities, there may be no other clinic for parents to turn to for this basic dental care that would prevent many of their children’s cavities in the first place (“Remember! Continuous Care Maintains Good Oral Health” taunts the Special Smiles website). Boasting that he has the economic power to force amalgam onto non-consenting patients in North Philadelphia, Dr. Andrew Mramor of Special Smiles acknowledges that finding dental care for children with disabilities after he expels the family is a “challenge.”

III. Dentists are able to provide people with disabilities the mercury-free dental care afforded to the able-bodied, but PDA and PCDS are unwilling to protect this same option for people with disabilities – and promote punishing those who try to exercise their right to make their own health decisions

Nor can PDA and PCDS justify this policy with the implausible claim that their dentists are unable to place alternative filling materials in children with disabilities. Not only have dentists regularly been using non-amalgam fillings for patients with disabilities – even under sedation – for years, but PDA and PCDS advocate denying people with disabilities all dental care as a punishment for exercising their right to make their own health decisions.

The experiences of dentists confirm that any claim that amalgam is the only option for a sedated child with disabilities is patently false. Dr. Chester L. Yokoyama is a former Member of the Dental Board of California and co-founder and former director of Aiding the Medically Compromised, Inc., a non-profit organization established to promote awareness of dental issues for persons with disabilities. Having spent ten years as a dentist treating children with disabilities in the operating room, Dr. Yokoyama clarifies the situation: “Composites can be done under general anesthesia or IV sedation. If the dentist is unwilling to provide composites for children with disabilities, it raises questions about denying such children access to dental treatment. If the dentist is unable to provide composites for children with disabilities, then he or she can seek further training.” Right here in Pennsylvania, Dr. Blanche Grube, a dentist practicing in Scranton, explains,

We do composites on children who are sedated, and they work. A study shows the difference between the wear on composites and amalgams is negligible. Dentists placing amalgam make more money – they make more per chair per day, because they can rush through doing amalgam without heed to the toxin questions.

Regardless of whether their dentists have been trained to place alternative filling materials in sedated patients with disabilities, PDA and PCDS have no excuse to advocate denying all dental care – even teeth cleanings – to people with disabilities who object to mercury. To turn them away, knowing that they will have great difficulty finding another dental clinic equipped to perform sedation dentistry on people with disabilities, effectively deprives them of even the basic dental hygienic care that would prevent tooth decay in the first place! This denial of all dental treatment is clearly intended to punish people with disabilities who dared to exercise their right to choose the filling material going into their mouths – the same right PDA and PCDS insist upon for the able-bodied.

IV. Conclusion

The PDA and PCDS are advocating a policy of discrimination against the disabled, going so far as to commend publicly dentists who refuse to treat children with disabilities. The inadequate training of some dentists must not overshadow the patent bad faith of a cabal determined to strong-arm the disabled into submitting to this toxic 19th century relic. A state dental association and a county dental society in the Commonwealth have selected children with disabilities and their parents – already facing so many problems – for this cruel ultimatum: mercury fillings or no dental care at all.

(signed in hard copy mailed to you)

Charles G. Brown
National Counsel
23 February 2010


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Published by The Verigin Dental Health Team

A humanistic, holistic dental practice in Northern California, providing integrative, biological, mercury-free dentistry

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